With the summer transfer window now open for both domestic and international transfers, below is a summary of some of the key information from the Premier League detailing how transfers work.
Transfer window dates
The summer transfer window opened for all Premier League clubs on 16th May, which applies for all domestic transfers.
Deals for players moving from abroad to England can now take place after the FIFA Transfer Matching System (FIFA TMS) window opened on Tuesday 11th June.
The current transfer window in England closes at 5pm on Thursday 8th August, with the new Premier League season kicking off the following weekend — but that does not mean all business will be concluded by this time.
Premier League clubs can still sell or loan players to other leagues whose transfer windows are still open after this point, and to clubs in League One and Two, where the window is open until 5pm on Monday 2nd September.
What is the FIFA Transfer Matching System?
When a player moves from another country to the Premier League, the buying and selling clubs have to register it using this system so that international clearance can be generated.
The buying club starts this process by uploading all information to the system, which the selling club will need to match.
The FA will then directly request international transfer certificate from the selling club’s association, and if everything matches, they will then inform the club and the Premier League. Sometimes clubs may opt to announce that a transfer is completed, “subjected to international clearance.” This is what they mean.
How many loans can we make?
Loans between Premier League clubs and other English sides are officially called temporary transfers.
Under the current rules, Albion cannot register more than two players on loan at any one time from other Premier League clubs, while the maximum number of loans registerable from other PL clubs in the same season is four.
Premier League clubs cannot loan a player to another Premier club, if he has been brought in during the same transfer window.
There is also a specific rule concerning goalkeepers, where a Premier League club may not
loan more than one of these players to another side in the division.
Loan deals concerning players loaned from clubs overseas do not count towards these numbers.
When are work permits needed to complete a deal?
Clubs making an application to register a player will also have to produce evidence showing the Premier League that he can take up employment in the UK. A European Economic Area/European Union (EEA/EU) passport, is the most common burden of proof in this respect.
Incoming players with passports from outside the EU and the EEA will need to gain a work permit for the deal to be completed. in order for the player to lawfully be employed by the club and commence his playing duties. An application will need to be made to the FA in order for a specific footballing visa to be attained.
It is vital that all permits are applied for before the transfer window closes.
The role of the deal sheet
As the transfer window draws to a close, it can be difficult for some clubs to get everything completed at the last minute before the deadline.
This is when an extension can be granted in the form of a deal sheet, which acts as proof that a deal has been reached, allowing extra time to submit the remaining documentation.
For this window deadline of 5pm, the deal sheet cannot be used before 3pm and needs to be fully completed before the transfer window closes. Clubs will then have until 7pm to submit the full paperwork.